Six Types Of Training And Development Techniques

Six Types Of Training And Development Techniques

1.On-the-job Training and Lectures

The 2 most incessantly used kinds of training are on-the-job training and lectures, though little research exists as to the effectiveness of either. It's usually not possible to teach somebody everything she must know at a location away from the workplace. Thus on-the-job training typically supplements different kinds of training, e.g., classroom or off-site training; however on-the-job training is continuously the only type of training. It's often informal, which means, sadly, that the trainer doesn't concentrate on the training as much as she ought to, and the trainer may not have a well-articulated image of what the novice must learn.

On-the-job training is just not profitable when used to keep away from creating a training program, although it will be an efficient a part of a well-coordinated training program.

Lectures are used because of their low cost and their capacity to reach many people. Lectures, which use one-way communication versus interactive learning techniques, are much criticized as a training device.

2. Programmed Instruction (PI)

These devices systematically current information to the learner and elicit a response; they use reinforcement ideas to promote appropriate responses. When PI was initially developed in the Nineteen Fifties, it was regarded as helpful only for basic subjects. Immediately the method is used for skills as various as air site visitors control, blueprint reading, and the analysis of tax returns.

3. Computer-Assisted Instruction (CAI)

With CAI, students can be taught at their own pace, as with PI. Because the student interacts with the computer, it is believed by many to be a more dynamic learning device. Educational options may be quickly selected to suit the student's capabilities, and efficiency may be monitored continuously. As instruction proceeds, data are gathered for monitoring and improving performance.

4. Audiovisual Techniques

Both television and film lengthen the range of skills that can be taught and the way information may be presented. Many systems have digital blackboards and slide projection equipment. The usage of methods that combine audiovisual systems similar to closed circuit television and telephones has spawned a new time period for this type of training, teletraining. The characteristic on " Sesame Street " illustrates the design and evaluation of one in every of television's favorite children's program as a training device.

5. Simulations

Training simulations replicate the essential traits of the real world that are essential to produce both learning and the transfer of new knowledge and skills to application settings. Each machine and other types of simulators exist. Machine simulators usually have substantial degrees of. physical fidelity; that's, they represent the real world's operational equipment. The main function of simulation, nonetheless, is to produce psychological fidelity, that's, to reproduce within the training these processes that might be required on the job. We simulate for a number of reasons, together with to control the training surroundings, for safety, to introduce feedback and different learning principles, and to reduce cost.

6. Business games

They are the direct progeny of war games which have been used to train officers in fight methods for hundreds of years. Nearly all early enterprise games have been designed to teach fundamental business skills, however more recent games also embody interpersonal skills. Monopoly could be considered the quintessential enterprise game for younger capitalists. It is probably the first place youngsters learned the words mortgage, taxes, and go to jail.

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