Naming Stars In Different Cultures

Naming Stars In Different Cultures

While trendy astronomers check with most stars solely by catalog numbers and astronomy coordinates, many people informally name stars utilizing name a star services. In reality, all through history folks from varied cultures have used star names of their own choosing: Many civilizations explained their existence by way of mythological stories passed from generation to generation, and infrequently related these tales with the celebrities within the night sky. As we'll see, even a significant car company is named after the stars.

To illustrate, let's start with a constellation (an area of the evening sky) trendy astronomers have named after a character from Greek and Roman mythology - "Orion," the Great Hunter. Orion is without doubt one of the most well known and simply-identifiable constellations, and might be seen from just about wherever on Earth: The best time to view Orion is throughout the night hours between roughly December and March. Many classical mythology tales are told about Orion and how he came to be positioned in the heavens. One such story is that Orion had no concern of any animal and therefore threatened to exterminate all the animals of the earth. When Gaia, the goddess of the earth, heard this she grew to become enraged and sent a scorpion to ksick Orion. When Orion encountered the scorpion he was unable to kin poor health it, and the scorpion stung Orion and sent him falling to the earth, fatally wounded. In honor of this story, Orion was placed in the evening sky as a constellation, as was the scorpion - known as the constellation "Scorpius."

While twenty first century astronomers consult with the constellation "Orion" after a hunter from classical mythology, different cultures have had completely different interpretations of those similar stars. One of the distinguishing options of Orion is a line of three, vivid stars that kind what's called "The Belt of Orion." The traditional Egyptians thought these three bright stars were the resting place of the god Osiris. The Dogon people of West Africa seen the three stars because the stairway to heaven. These same three stars have been related with Christmas, viewed as representing the Magi - "The Three Smart Males" (The Three Kings) from the Bible. The people of the Marshall Islands viewed Orion's stars as an octopus and a fisherman: The story told was of a fisherman who was attacked by an octopus. The fisherman defended himself through the use of a stone to stab the head of the octopus. Although the octopus was wounded he was able to spray his ink, behind which he hid and was able to escape. The Chimu Indians of Peru believed that the center star of Orion's belt represented a thief or mischief maker that the Moon Goddess punished. The Moon Goddess punished the wrongdoer by sending stars to seize him and send him to 4 vultures that will eat him. This mythological story served as a warning for individuals who would commit crimes.

Another fascinating instance from classical mythology is related to a phenomenal group of stars in the constellation Taurus called "The Pleiades," or "The Seven Sisters." These stars are seen within the evening sky from roughly November by way of April, and are often confused with "The Little Dipper" (which is in one other constellation) as the bright stars of the Pleiades together resemble a very small dipper, or ladle. The story from classical mythology is that Orion, the hunter, grew to become enamored of these seven lovely ladies, and relentlessly pursued them throughout the world. Taking pity on the young ladies, Zeus positioned them within the heavens the place Orion continues to pursue them in the evening sky.

Many cultures have additionally related the Pleiades with females or femininity. The Australian Aborigines noticed this group of stars as a cluster of girls who had been musicians. These girls play their devices for a gaggle of younger boys who're represented by the stars seen in Orion's belt. Some Native American tribes considered the Pleiades as seven mothers who were looking for their seven misplaced sons: According to the Chumash Indians of California, these seven sons had grow to be the celebrities of the Big Dipper. The Kiowa Indians saw these stars as young girls who have been positioned in the heavens by the Great Spirit in order to avoid wasting them from attacking bears. In Norse mythology, they had been the hens of Freya, the goddess of affection, beauty and fertility. In Japan the Pleiades were known as "Subaru," after which a Japanese automotive firm is named.

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