How To Restore Vintage Or Old Furniture

How To Restore Vintage Or Old Furniture

You may easily rework a piece of furniture cheaply by stripping off the old paint and refinishing the wood as to its original state. By stripping old furniture down to the natural wood you possibly can ensure a smooth surface - freed from bumps and blemishes - which may be polished, varnished and even stenciled for a very new look. Make positive first that you just know what finish you're stripping because, paint, polish, lacquer or varnish all require different treatments.

Equipment: By hand, you need paint stripper, liquid or jelly kind, methylated spirits, and turpentine. A pair of rubber gloves, old paint brush 25 - 50 mm wide, a scraper, course wire wool and sand paper fine to medium grade.

Paint Stripping: if you're professional for difficult work it can be removed by immersing the article in a caustic bath. A safer suggestion I'd advocate by hand, using a chemical paint stripper; this gives great outcomes as it adds an additional luster to the naked wood.

Methodology: Firstly make positive that your work space is well ventilated as paint stripper offers off unpleasant fumes. Remove all fittings handles, key guides and many others, then start brushing the stripper on to the painted areas, work the stripper into all cracks/crevices. When you've gotten covered a workable area, leave the stripper to act for several minutes. When it starts to bubble, remove the paint layer with your stripping knife or scraper, (put the paint shreds into an old paint tin as being caustic they're dangerous) repeat the process until you reach the wood. When all the paint has been stripped, next step is to wash the wood down with the manufactures advice on what neutralizer to use this will remove any remaining debris at the similar time neutralizes the stripper. If the advised neutralizer is say turpentine then soak a ball of wire wool and completely rub down the stripped surface. When dry sandpaper down to a smooth finish. Necessary; always rub in the direction of the grain.

Stripping polish: before you can remove efficiently, you will need to know firstly the type of polish. If it is French polish this might be removed quite simply with methylated spirits, wipe it on generously, leave for just a few minutes. When the polish has softened, scrape it off with a scraper then with fine wire wool (soaked in Methylated spirits) when the wood is dry you may sandpaper down to a pleasant smooth finish. If it is a Wax polish (oily surface) this you possibly can remove with fine steel wool soaked with turpentine. Repeat till you are on the naked wood, dry off with an absorbent cloth.

Varnished and Lacquered finishes: if the article being 50 years or more old it probably is an oil based mostly varnish of which was made from resins dissolved in oils and solvents. The cleanest/best way is with a scraper; tilt the scraper away from you working alongside the grain (by no means across the grain). Polyurethane varnishes use a paint stripper. Cellulose-primarily based varnishes can be removed by paint stripper, acetone, cellulose thinners, ammonia caustic soda, or turpentine. Counsel test a small space first to see which works best. Repairs, now you are able to see the various faults. Your repairs are necessary earlier than the new end could be applied, maybe the draws require re-nailing or weak joints to be glued, cracks and holes have to be filled. Minor cracks and holes you utilize a plastic wood or non-shrinking stopper all available in various natural wood colors. Large holes must be Plugged with an analogous wood, reduce to shape making positive the grain of the pug runs the identical way as the rest of the surface, after which glue it in. Fine sandpaper all your repairs down to a smooth finish for the next stage.

Finishing with polyurethane: this offers bare wood a lustrous, hard wearing end of which is straightforward to clean and maintain. Polyurethane can withstand heat without marking although intense heat will damage the wood. There is a wide range of natural wood colors available as well as clear all matt or gloss finish. It is important to let Polyurethane set; some manufacturers can take as much as two weeks to achieve most hardness. Apply the varnish directly to the sanded wood with a brush as the varnish have to be applied in coats. It is a good idea with the primary coat to dilute with spirit so that it soaks in and seals the wood. After every subsequent coat (when dry) lightly rub down with a fine sand paper. If you are utilizing one of the colored varieties it would pay you to apply the first coat with a transparent, this will save any likelihood of a patchy finish. If you want a matt end after utilizing colored varnish make the final coat with a transparent matt.

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