Breaking Down The Mexican National ID Number

Breaking Down The Mexican National ID Number

The National ID Number or CURP (Clave Única de Registro de Población) is likely one of the most common ID numbers for folks in Mexico. It's similar in use to the U.S. Social Security Number, but unlike the SSN, it is algorithmically generated using the person’s full authorized name and personal information. Understanding Mexican ID Number construction can assist reveal key information about individuals and allow analysts to simply identify false ID numbers.



Naming Conventions in Latin America

Earlier than we talk about the construction of CURPs, it is essential to talk about naming conventions in Latin America. In Spanish-speaking jurisdictions, names are typically comprised of three parts.

An individual’s given name, additionally known as a first name, is either a single name, reminiscent of Alejandra, or more commonly a compound name with two or more names, equivalent to Francisco Enrique.

The given name is followed by the paternal surname, then the maternal surname. Paternal and material surnames could be compound, however this is less common.

For instance, let’s look at professional Mexican soccer player Rafael Márquez Álvarez. The U.S. Division of the Treasury sanctioned him in 2017 for serving as a frontman and holding assets for lengthy-time drug kingpin Raúl Flores Hernández, the leader of the Flores Drug Trafficking Organization.

If we break down his name into its three parts, his given name is Rafael, his paternal surname is Márquez, and his maternal surname is Álvarez.



Deciphering the Mexican National ID Number

The Mexican National ID Number (CURP) is an eighteen character alphanumeric code. It's structured as follows:

4 letters from the person’s authorized name: – First letter of the paternal surname – First inside vowel of the paternal surname – First letter of the maternal surname – First letter of the given name
Six numbers which might be the individual’s date of beginning in YYMMDD format
One letter describing the person’s gender: "H" for male (hombre) and "M" for female (mujer)
Two letters which can be the 2-letter state abbreviation for the state where the person was born; if the individual was born outside of Mexico, the abbreviation "NE" shall be used for Nacido en el Extranjero (born abroad)
Three letters from the person’s legal name: – First internal consonant of the paternal surname – First inner consonant of the maternal surname – First inner consonant of the given name
One character to avoid duplicate CURPs amongst people who have similar names, places of beginning, and dates of beginning; the character is a number that ranges from zero to 9 for individuals born before 2000 and a letter from A to Z for people born since 2000
One character that could be a checksum

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